Sunday, 8 February 2015

Most frequently asked Silk Test Interview Questions and Answers

Below are some important Silk Test interview questions which are asked in most MNC company interviews for beginners or professionals.

21. How to assign attribute values to test cases?
1. Make sure your testplan is open.
2. Click on the test case for which you want to assign an attribute value.
3. Click Testplan/Detail menu. The Testplan Details dialog box shows up.
4. Click the Test Attribute tab.
5. Click the Component field. The dropdown list shows up with all values of “Component”.
6. Select one of the values in the dropdown list.
7. Click OK.

22. What is a test frame?
A test frame is a file that contains information about the application you are testing. Information stored in a test frame will be used as references when SilkTest records and executes testcases. A test frame is stored in an include file with file extension .inc.

23. How to create a test frame?
1. Make sure your Web browser is active and showing your Web application home page. Do not minimize this Web page window.
2. Make sure your test project is open.
3. Click File/New menu. The New dialog box shows up.
4. Select the Test Frame radio button.
5. Click OK. The New Test Frame dialog box shows up with a list all active Web applications.
6. Select your Web application.
7. Enter a test frame name. For example:
8. Review the window name. It should be the HTML title your Web application. You can rename it, if needed.
9. Click OK to close the New Test Frame dialog box.
10. Click File/Save menu.

24. What is stored in a test frame?
A test frame is a text file, which records the following types of information for a Web application:
1. Comment: Commentary information.
2. wMainWindow: A string constant to identify your application’s home page.
3. Home page window: An object of class BrowserChild window that holds application home page.
4. sLocation: The URL of the your application’s home page.
5. sUserName and dPassword: User name and password if needed to login to your Web application.
6. BrowserSize: A pair of values to indicate the size of the browser window.
7. Home page objects: A list of all objects on the home page, such as HtmlImage, HtmlText, HtmlLinks, etc.

25. How DOM browser extension identify a Web application UI object?
A Web application UI object is identified in two parts:
1. Identify the Web browser window where the Web application is running. For example, a Web browser window can be identified as”Browser.BrowserChild(“Yahoo Home Page”)”.
Another Web browser window can be identified as”Browser.BrowserChild(“Google Home Page”)”.
2. Identify the Web UI object based on the HTML element that represents the UI object.
For example, an image in a Web page can be identified as “HtmlImage(“Yahoo Logo”)”;
A hyperlink in a Web page can be identified as “HtmlLink(“Site Map”)”; The full identification of a Web applicatin UI object is the concatenation of the browser window identification and the HTML element identification. For example, the Yahoo logo image is identified as:
Browser.BrowserChild(“Yahoo Home Page”).HtmlImage(“Yahoo Logo”). The site map link is identified as: Browser.BrowserChild(“Google Home Page”).HtmlLink(“Site Map”).

26. What is the syntax of UI object identifier used by DOM extension?
The DOM browser extension uses the following syntax for Web UI objects:
1. “page_title” is the title of the Web page, defined by the HTML “TITLE” tag.
2. “object_tag” is the label of the HTML element. How a HTML
element is labeled depending on the type of HTML element.

27. What is multi-tagging?
Multi-tagging is a technique used by the DOM browser extension to identify a Web page UI object. Whenever possible, DOM extension inserts more than one tag into the object identifier in following format:
1. “caption_tag” is the caption of the HTML element.
2. “#index_tag” is the index of this HTML element, counting from the beginning of this page of the same class of HTML elements.
3. “window_tag” is the window identifier.

28. How to add objects of other pages to a test frame?
If your Web application has pages other than the home page, you should also record their page objects into the test frame:
1. Make sure your Web browser is active and showing another page of your Web application.
2. Make sure SilkTest is running.
3. Click File/Open menu.
4. Select your test frame file. For example:
5. Click OK to open the test frame.
6. Click Record/Window Declarations menu. The Record Window Declarations dialog box shows up. 7. Click your Web application window. Web page objects are recorded in the Record Window Declarations dialog box.
8. Press Ctrl+Alt to pause the recording.
9. Click “Paste to Editor” button. All recorded objects will be inserted into the test frame.
10. Repeat this for other Web pages, if needed.

29. How to specify a browser extension to a Web application?
1. Run SilkTest.
2. Open Internet Explorer (IE).
3. Enter the URL of the Web application.
4. Leave the IE window with the Web application. Don’t minimize the IE window.
5. To back to SilkTest window.
6. Select Basic Workflow bar.
7. Click Enable Externsions on the Workflow bar.
8. The Enable Extensions dialog will show up. Your Web application running in the IE window will listed in the dialog box.
9. Select your Web application and click Select.
10. The Extension Settings dialog will show up. Click OK to enable the DOM browser extension.

30. What is DefaultBaseState?
The DefaultBaseState is a starting point of test project from which the Recovery System can automatically restart your test cases when test cases fail to continue.
How to test your DefaultBaseState?
1. Close your Web application and other Web browsers.
2. Make sure your test frame is open.
3. Click Run/Application State menu. The Run Application State dialog box shows up with a list of states. One of them should be DefaultBaseState.
4. Select DefaultBaseState.
5. Click Run button. The Runtime Status dialog box shows up. And the Results File dialog box shows up too.
6. You should see no error message in the results file.
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