Thursday, 5 February 2015

Best SAP SD Interview Questions and Answers for freshers and experienced pdf (Part5)

Below are some important SAP SD interview questions which are asked in most MNC company interviews for beginners or professionals.
41. Name at least five different partner functions.
i. Examples of partner functions in Sales and Distribution:
ii. sold-to party, ship-to party, bill-to party, payer.
iii. Examples of partner functions (roles) in Materials Management:
iv. ordering address, supplier of goods, invoicing party, different payee.

42. Which are the two partner functions in SD that have to be maintained in FI too ?
i. sold-to party, payer.

43. Can you assign a material to more than one division?
i. No.

44. If you want to create language specific sales texts for your material master, would you have to create a new material master record?
i. No.

45. What is a material type and which material types do you know?
i. Raw materials, semi- finished products, finished products, trading goods, operating supplies.

46. Name the four standard industry sectors in SAP for the material master. For what do you use them?
i. Branch of industry.
ii. The industry sector
groups together companies according to their activities (for example, plant engineering and construction, mechanical engineering, the chemical industry, and the pharmaceutical industry).
iii. Table-driven program support is provided via the industry sector: for example, for the selection of data fields on-screen, for the sequence of the screens, and for the allocation of a material to a material type.

47. For what or why do you use the classification system in sales? Give examples of objects you can classify in R/3.
i. For e.g., Variant Pricing of configurable products. Objects can be customers, products, condition types.

48. Does storage-location specific data in the material master record apply for each plant?
i. This level contains the data specific to a storage location. Stock levels are an example of the data maintained for each storage location. You access the storage location data by entering the plant and storage location codes.
ii. This data structure facilitates the organization of material-related information within the entire enterprise. It prevents redundant storage of material data when the same material is used in more than one plant or stored at more than one storage location.
iii. Example: Suppose the same metal casting is stored at two different locations. The design and purchasing data for this material would be identical. However, the data on the stock levels at each location would differ.

49. Name at least four views of the material master record.
i. Accounting : Valuation and costing information. Examples: standard price, past and future price, and current valuation.
ii. Materials planning and control: Information for material requirements planning (MRP) and consumption-based planning/inventory control. Examples:
safety stock level, planned delivery time, and reorder level for a material.
iii. Purchasing: Data provided by Purchasing for a material. Examples: purchasing group responsible for a material, over- and underdelivery tolerances, and the
order unit.
iv. Engineering: Engineering and design data on a material. Examples: CAD drawings, basic dimensions, and design specifications.
v. Storage: Information relating to the storage/warehousing of a material. Examples: unit of issue, storage conditions, and packaging dimensions.
vi. Forecasting: Information for predicting material requirements. Examples: how the material is procured, forecasting period, and past consumption/usage.
vii. Sales and distribution: Information for sales orders and pricing. Examples: sales price, minimum order quantity, and the name of the sales department responsible for a certain material.

50. What are the possible units of measure for a material?
i. A material can be stored, transported and sold in various units of measure. In the SAP R/3 System, you can therefore define various units of measure which are maintained in the sales and distribution screens. However, you only need to maintain the fields of the units of measure if they deviate from the base unit of measure. If no other fields with units of measure are maintained, the system automatically takes the base unit of measure as a basis for its calculations. You can enter the
following units of measure in the sales and distribution screens:
ii. Base unit of measure : Stocks of a material are managed in the base unit of measure. All quantity movements in other units of measure are converted automatically by the system into the base unit of measure.
iii. Alternative unit of measure: If a product is managed in the base unit of measure "Piece" but is sold in the sales unit "Box", you must define the conversion factor. The alternative unit of measure can define, for example, that 1 box of this material contains 12 pieces.
iv. Sales unit : The unit of measure in which materials are sold is referred to as a sales unit (for example, piece or bottle). The value you define in the material master record is proposed during business transactions relevant for sales, such as the sales order. You can replace them with other alternative units of measure in the sales order.
v. Delivery Unit : The delivery unit refers to the unit in which materials can be delivered. Only exact multiples of the delivery unit can be delivered. For example, with a delivery unit of 30 bottles, 30, 60 or 90 bottles can be delivered, but not 100 bottles.
vi. Quantity Specifications: Two different quantity specifications are used:
vii. Minimum order quantity: The minimum order quantity refers to the minimum quantity the customer must order. A warning message appears if the minimum order quantity is not reached during order entry.
The order can be entered in spite of the warning message.
viii. Minimum delivery quantity : The minimum delivery quantity refers to the minimum quantity you must deliver to the customer. The minimum delivery quantity is automatically checked during delivery processing. A warning message appears during delivery processing if you enter a delivery quantity lower than the minimum delivery quantity. The delivery can be created in spite of this warning message.
More Questions & Answers :-
Part1  Part2  Part3  Part4  Part5  Part6  Part7  Part8  Part9

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