Thursday, 29 January 2015

Research Methodology Interview Questions and Answers(Part2)

6. What is the observational method of research?
In naturalistic observational research the observer does not intervene at all. The researcher is invisible and works hard not to interrupt the natural dynamics of the situation being investigated.

7. What do I need to consider when doing observational research?
Try to be “invisible”, do not get involved in the dynamics of the situation.
Use all of your senses, not just your sense of vision. Record the sounds, smells and tastes (if applicable).
Record your impressions and feelings. How do you feel while observing? Were you frightened, surprised, anxious, amused, excited? Relate what you were feeling to what you were observing.
Record the context of the situation: place, time, participants, numbers of participants, gender of participants, etc.
Record what you were thinking during the observation. Did the situation remind you of something similar? Had you experienced something similar. What do you think the participants were thinking about while you were observing?
Record all of your information in a journal. Use shorthand or abbreviations if necessary.

8. What are the issues, or concerns in conducting observational research?
Completeness of information recorded is critical to gain a complete understanding of the dynamics of the situation.
Accuracy of the information recorded. Did you miss anything? Did you record it exactly as you observed it?
Bias. Did I “add” to what I observed by presuming or assuming something that did not exist?
Would someone else who had not observed the same thing be able to get a clear, correct picture of what you observed by reading your notes?
Confidentiality. Be sure not to name people or places in your presentation of the information. You have not asked for their permission to conduct research, and so therefore they have to right to remain anonymous. Refer to the general situation, for example, a school playground, an urban mall, a farm, a family gathering, etc.
Videotaping, audiotaping or taking photographs of the situation is infringing on the participant’s rights to privacy. Use only your written notes.

9. What is the interview method of research?
Interview research usually involves the interviewer asking a series of questions which are then recorded in some manner.

10. What do I need to consider when doing interviews?
Prepare your interview questions in advance, and share them with the participant(s).
Tape record, or videotape record the interview.
Do not be afraid to ask questions if they arise during the interview, even if you did not have them listed before the interview.
After the interview, you will need to transcribe (copy) exactly what was said during the interview. This can be a very slow, and timing consuming process, but it is critical that you copy exactly what was said.
After you have copied out the interview, replay the interview again and compare it to your notes. Make any corrections necessary.
Share the written copy of the interview with the participant to make sure that they agree with, and affirm the contents of the interview.
More Questions & Answers :-
Part1  Part2  Part3  Part4  Part5

No comments:

Post a Comment